# Geometry Basics Foundation Worksheets, Questions and Revision

GCSE 1 - 3KS3AQAEdexcelOCRWJECFoundationAQA 2022Edexcel 2022OCR 2022WJEC 2022

## Geometry Basics: The 5 Simple Rules

Geometry basics will teach you the 5 simple rules needed to answer basic geometry questions, as well as give you the foundations to build as you work through the different geometry topics.

Having basic algebra knowledge is required to solve geometry problems.

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Angles in a triangle add up to $180\degree$ The angles in a triangle add up to $180\degree$

$\textcolor{red}{a} + \textcolor{skyblue}{b} + \textcolor{green}{c} = 180\degree$

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Angles in a quadrilateral add up to $360\degree$ The angles in a quadrilateral ($4$ sided shape) add up to $360\degree$

$\textcolor{red}{a} + \textcolor{skyblue}{b} + \textcolor{green}{c} + \textcolor{yellow}{d}= 360\degree$

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Angles on a straight line add up to $180\degree$

The angles on a straight line all add up to $180\degree$

$\textcolor{red}{a} + \textcolor{skyblue}{b} + \textcolor{green}{c} = 180\degree$

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Angles around a point add up to $360\degree$ The angles around a point all add up to $360\degree$

$\textcolor{red}{a} + \textcolor{skyblue}{b} + \textcolor{green}{c} + \textcolor{yellow}{d}= 360\degree$

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Two sides and two angles of an isosceles triangle are the same The two sides marked with the lines are the same length.

The two base angles, $\textcolor{red}{x}$, are the same.

Level 1-3GCSE    Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Example 1: Angles in a Triangle

Find the value of $x$ in the triangle shown:

[2 marks] We know that angles in a triangle add up to $180\degree$,

$40\degree + 80\degree + x\degree = 180\degree$

$x= 180\degree -40\degree - 80\degree = 60\degree$

$x= 60\degree$

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Example 2: Finding a Missing Angle

Find the value of $x$ in the triangle shown:

[2 marks] We know that in an isosceles triangle, the base angles are equal.

This means we can form the equation:

$x\degree + x\degree + 50\degree = 180\degree$

$2x\degree = 180\degree - 50\degree$

$2x = 130\degree$

$x\degree = 65\degree$

Level 1-3 GCSE    ## Example Questions

Angles on a straight line all add together to make $180\degree$

\begin{aligned}103\degree+\angle CDB &= 180\degree \\ \angle CDB &= 180\degree-103\degree = 77\degree \end{aligned}

Angles around a point all add together to make $360\degree$

$100\degree+50\degree+x\degree+105\degree =360\degree \\ x=360\degree-100\degree-105\degree-50\degree \\ x= 105\degree$

Base angles in an isosceles triangle are equal and angles in a triangle add up to $180\degree$

$61\degree+61\degree+y\degree =180\degree \\ y\degree =180\degree-61\degree-61\degree \\ y=58\degree$

Base angles in an isosceles triangle are equal and angles in a triangle add up to $180\degree$

\begin{aligned}x+x+55\degree&=180\degree \\ 2x&=180\degree-55\degree = 125\degree \\ x&=\dfrac{125\degree}{2}\end{aligned}

$x=62.5\degree$

Angles on a straight line all add together to make $180\degree$ so

$x=180\degree-115\degree=65\degree$

Angles in a triangle add up to $180\degree$

$y=180\degree-25\degree-65\degree$

$y=90\degree$

## Worksheet and Example Questions

### (NEW) Geometry Problems Foundation Exam Style Questions - MME

Level 4-5 GCSENewOfficial MME

Level 1-3 GCSE

Level 4-5 GCSE

## You May Also Like... ### GCSE Maths Revision Cards

Revise for your GCSE maths exam using the most comprehensive maths revision cards available. These GCSE Maths revision cards are relevant for all major exam boards including AQA, OCR, Edexcel and WJEC.

£8.99 ### GCSE Maths Revision Guide

The MME GCSE maths revision guide covers the entire GCSE maths course with easy to understand examples, explanations and plenty of exam style questions. We also provide a separate answer book to make checking your answers easier!

From: £14.99