**Interior and Exterior Angles**

The **interior angles **of a shape are the angles ** inside the shape**.

The **exterior angles** are the angles formed between a **side-length and an extension.**

**Rule:** Interior and exterior angles add up to 180\degree.

Having the ability to rearrange equations will help with interior and exterior angle questions.

**Exterior Angles**

**Rule:** The exterior angle = \dfrac{360\degree}{\textcolor{red}{n}}

where \textcolor{red}{n} is the number of sides.

The sum of all the exterior angles will equal 360\degree.

For the triangle shown, we can see it has \textcolor{red}{3} sides, so to calculate an exterior angle we do:

\dfrac{360\degree}{\textcolor{red}{3}} = 120\degree

**Interior Angles**

**Rule:** Sum of interior angles = (\textcolor{red}{n} - 2) \times 180\degree

Where \textcolor{red}{n} is the number of sides.

To find the sum of the interior angles for the triangle shown we do the following:

(\textcolor{red}{3} - 2) \times 180\degree = 180\degree

This means that

\textcolor{limegreen}{a} + \textcolor{limegreen}{b} + \textcolor{limegreen}{c} = 180\degree

**Note:** You can find the interior angle of a regular polygon by dividing the sum of the angles by the number of angles. You can also find the exterior angle first then minus from 180\degree to get the interior angle.

**Example: Finding Interior and Exterior Angles**

ABCD is a quadrilateral.

Find the missing angle marked x.

**[2 marks]**

This is a 4-sided shape, to work out the interior angles we calculate the following:

(\textcolor{red}{n}-2)\times 180 =360\degree.

Next we can work out the size of \angle CDB as angles on a straight line add up to 180\degree.

180 - 121 = 59\degree

Now we know the other 3 interior angles, we get that

x = 360 - 84 - 100 - 59 = 117\degree

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### Example Questions

**Question 1:** The shape below is a regular pentagon.

Work out the size of the interior angle, x.

**[2 marks]**

This shape has 5 sides, so its interior angles add up to,

180 \times (5 - 2) = 540\degree

Hence each interior angle is,

x\degree=540\degree \div 5 = 108\degree

**Question 2:** The shape below is a regular octagon.

Work out the size of the interior angle, x.

**[2 marks]**

This shape has 8 sides, so its interior angles add up to,

180 \times (8 - 2) = 1080\degree

Hence each interior angle is,

x\degree=1080\degree \div 8 = 135\degree

**Question 3:** ABCDE is a pentagon.

Work out the size of x.

**[3 marks]**

This shape has 5 sides, so its interior angles must add up to

180 \times (5 - 2) = 540\degree.

We can’t find this solution with one calculation as we did previously, but we can express the statement “the interior angles add up to 540” as an equation. This looks like

33 + 140 + 2x + x + (x + 75) = 540

Now, this is a linear equation we can solve. Collecting like terms on the left-hand side, we get

4x + 248 = 540.

Subtract 248 from both sides to get

4x = 292.

Finally, divide by 4 to get the answer:

x = 292 \div 4 = 73\degree

**Question 4:** ABCD is a quadrilateral.

Work out the size of y.

**[4 marks]**

This shape has 4 sides, so its interior angles add up to

180 \times (4 - 2) = 360\degree.

We don’t have any way of expression two of the interior angles at the moment, but we do have their associated exterior angles, and we know that interior plus exterior equals 180. So, we get

\text{interior angle CDB } = 180 - (y + 48) = 132 - y

Furthermore, we get

\text{interior angle CAB } = 180 - 68 = 112

Now we have figures/expressions for each interior angle, so we write the sum of them equal to 360 in equation form:

112 + 90 + 2y + (132 - y) = 360

Collecting like terms on the left-hand side, we get

y + 334 = 360

Then, if we subtract 334 from both sides we get the answer to be

y = 360 - 334 = 26\degree.

### Worksheets and Exam Questions

#### (NEW) Interior and Exterior Angles Exam Style Questions - MME

Level 4-5 New Official MME### Drill Questions

#### Interior angles of polygons

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