WORK SCIENTIFICALLY :
Use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills :
- asking simple questions
- observing closely, using simple equipment
- performing simple tests
- identifying and classifying
- using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
Explore the world around you and use practical science to ask questions about how things are similar or different, how they change and how they happen.
Look for ways to anwswer scientific questions.
Make comparisons between simple features of objects, materials and living things and, with help, decide how to sort and group them; observe changes over different periods of time and talk about what has happened.
Begin to notice patterns and relationships. Ask people questions and use simple secondary sources to find answers.
Record and communicate their findings in a range of ways and begin to use simple scientific language.
Identify and name a variety of common plants, including garden plants, wild plants and trees, and those classified as deciduous and evergreen:
Study growing plants – flowers and vegetables that you have planted.
Become familiar with common names of flowers, deciduous and evergreen trees.
Plant structures: (trees: trunk, roots, branches, leaves, fruit; garden and wild plants: flower, petals, stem, leaves, roots, fruit, bulb and seed).
Observe closely with magnifying glasses familiar plants and compare and contrast ; describe how to identify and group them, and draw diagrams showing the parts of different plants and trees.
Keep records of how plants have changed over time, for example the leaves falling off trees and buds opening and compare and contrast how different plants change.
Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers:
ANIMALS Including humans
Identify and name a variety of common animals that are birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates
Study animals in their habitat. Understand how to take care of animals taken from their local environment and the need to return them safely after study.
Become familiar with the common names of birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates, including pets.
Learn the names of the main body parts (including head, neck, arms, elbows, legs, knees, face, ears, eyes, hair, mouth, teeth) through games, actions, songs and rhymes.
Use observations to compare and contrast animals at first hand or through videos and photographs, describing how they identify and group them; Group animals according to what they eat, and using their senses to compare different textures, sounds and smells.
Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores
Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates, including pets)
Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.
Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made
Explore, name and discuss everyday materials to become familiar with the names of materials and properties such as:
hard/soft; stretchy/stiff; shiny/dull; rough/smooth; bendy/not bendy; waterproof/not waterproof; absorbent/not absorbent.
Explore and experiment with a wide variety of materials, in the programme of study and for example: brick, paper, fabrics, elastic, foil.
Find out about people who have developed useful new materials; for example,
John-Loudon-McAdam, John Boyd Dunlop and Charles Macintosh
Do simple tests to explore questions such as:
‘What is the best material for an umbrella? … for lining a dog basket? … for curtains? … for a bookshelf? … for a gymnast’s leotard?’
Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water, and rock
Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials
Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties
Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.
Observe the apparent movement of the Sun during the day
Observe and talk about the weather, the seasons and how the Sun seems to move during the day.
Observe and record the apparent movement of the Sun during the day, for example in a sequence of photographs or moving Teddy so he stays in the sunshine;
Make tables and charts about the weather and displays of what happens in the world around you, including day length, as the seasons change.
Observe changes across the four seasons
Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies.