What you need to know
Things to remember:
- There are 60 minutes in an hour.
- To find our minutes, we multiply the number the minute hand is after by 5 and count up.
- If the minute hand is before the 6 we say “__ minutes past the hour”.
- If the minute hand is after the 6 we say “__ minutes to the hour”
We’re quickly going to learn some new words, including some fancy Latin ones.
Midday – noon
a.m. – ante meridiem (before midday)
p.m. – post meridiem (after midday)
If the minute had on the right-hand side of the lock, we say “this many minutes past the hour”
If the minute had on the left-hand side of the lock, we say “this many minutes to the next the hour”
Let’s use this to try and tell some times.
The minute hand is on the right-side, so will be “minutes past the hour”. The minute hand is pointing to the 5. Each number represents 5 minutes, so the 5 means 5 lots of 5, or 25 minutes. The hour hand is after the 7, so it is 25 minutes past 7.
The minute hand is on the left-hand side of the clock, so will be “minutes to”. Counting back round the clock we only need 5 more minutes, so it is 5 minutes to. The next hour will be 10, so it is 5 minutes to 10.
Question 1: Which clock shows 20 minutes past 1?
“20 minutes past” 1 means the minute hand will be pointing to the 4 and the hour hand will be after the 1.
The answer is Clock A.
Question 2: Which clock shows 20 minutes to 1?
“20 minutes to” 1 means we need to count around 20 minutes, or 4 big numbers, and the hour hand should be before the 1.
The answer is Clock C.
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