## What you need to know

**Things to remember:**

- Turn the whole number into a fraction with the same denominator as the fraction in the question.
- Add the fractions together.

A mixed number is a whole number and a fraction put (added) together. For example, 3\dfrac{2}{6} means 3 wholes and \dfrac{2}{6}

3\dfrac{2}{6}

If we count up all of the sixths, we can see that we have \dfrac{20}{6}

We don’t have to draw the diagram though, we can split up the whole number into lots of 1s and turning them into fractions with the same denominator.

1+1+1+\frac{2}{6}

\frac{6}{6}+\frac{6}{6}+\frac{6}{6}+\frac{2}{6}

\frac{20}{6}

We can also do this in a fancy way with 3 Steps:

**Step 1: **Multiply the whole number by the bottom of the fraction

3\times6=18

**Step 2:** Add the number in **Step 1** to the top of the fraction

18+2=20

**Step 3:** Put the number in **Step 2** over the bottom of the fraction.

3\dfrac{2}{6}=\dfrac{20}{6}

## Times Table Flash Cards

(28 Reviews) £8.99## Example Questions

**Question 1:** What is 2\dfrac{1}{5} as a top heavy fraction?

1+1+\frac{1}{5}

\frac{5}{5}+\frac{5}{5} +\frac{1}{5}

\frac{11}{5}

**Step 1: **Multiply the whole number by the bottom of the fraction

2\times5=10

**Step 2:** Add the number in **Step 1** to the top of the fraction

10+1=11

**Step 3:** Put the number in **Step 2** over the bottom of the fraction.

2\frac{1}{5}=\frac{11}{5}</p> <p> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Question 2:</strong> What is 4\dfrac{4}{7} as a top heavy fraction?

**Question 2:** What is 4\dfrac{4}{7} as a top heavy fraction?

1+1+1+1+\dfrac{4}{7}

\frac{7}{7}+\frac{7}{7}+\frac{7}{7}+\frac{7}{7}+\frac{4}{7}

\frac{32}{7}

**Step 1: **Multiply the whole number by the bottom of the fraction

4\times7=28

**Step 2:** Add the number in **Step 1** to the top of the fraction

28+4=32

**Step 3:** Put the number in **Step 2** over the bottom of the fraction.

4\frac{4}{7}=\frac{32}{7}

## KS2 SATs Flash Cards

(43 Reviews) £8.99- All of the major KS2 Maths SATs topics covered
- Practice questions and answers on every topic

- Perfect for year 6 Maths SATs
- All exam boards e.g. AQA, OCR, Edexcel, WJEC.