**Convert Between Miles and Kilometres ** *KS2 Revision*

## What you need to know

**Things to remember:**

- As an approximation, 1 mile = 1.6km
- To turn miles into kilometres we divide by 5 and multiply by 8.
- To turn kilometres into miles we divide by 8 and multiply by 5.

How big is big is a km in m?

**1km = 1000m**

How big is a mile in m?

**1 mile = 1600m**

How can we find a relationship between km and miles? Well, we can make the metres the same. It is easiest to turn 1000m into 1600m, than 1600m into 1000m.

**1km = 1000m**

1000\times1.6=1600

1\times1.6=1.6

**1.6km = 1600m**

This gives us the following relationship between miles and km:

**1 mile = 1.6km**

So, how does this help us with our conversion? Well, how do we turn 1 into 1.6? We multiply by 1.6. So, we get this:

\text{miles to km} \rightarrow \times1.6

*What is 3 miles in km?*

3\times1.6=4.8

**3 miles = 4.8km**

Now that we have two different miles, we can actually use them to make a new one.

*What is 4 miles in km?*

4 miles = 3 miles + 1 mile

4 miles = 4.8km + 1.6km

4 miles = 6.4km

But, a neat trick is that we can use is turn our original decimal into a fraction.

1mile=\frac{8}{5}km

So really, when we are turning miles into km we are finding \frac{8}{5} of it. But, we know how to find fraction amounts of something. We do it in two steps.

*What is 25 miles in km?*

We are trying to find \dfrac{8}{5} of 25.

**Step 1: **Divide the miles by 5.

25\div5=5

**Step 2: **Multiply by 8.

5\times8=40

25miles = 40km

So, now we know how to turn miles into km, let’s look at how we get from km to miles.

Turning our miles into km we multiplied by \frac{8}{5}, so this time we need to do the opposite. To turn km into miles, we have to divide by \frac{8}{5}. Remember, though when we divide by a fraction, we flip it and turn it into a multiplication!

\div\frac{8}{5}\rightarrow\times\frac{5}{8}

But, again, we know how to multiply by a fraction, so we can turn km into miles with two steps as well.

*What is 120km in miles?*

* *

**Step 1: **Divide by 8

120\div8=15

**Step 2:** Multiply by 5

15\times5=75

120km = 75 miles

## Example Questions

**Question 1:** What is 35 miles in km?

**Step 1: **Divide the miles by 5.

35\div5=7

**Step 2: **Multiply by 8.

7\times8=56

35miles = 56km

**Question 2:** What is 72km in miles?

**Step 1: **Divide by 8

72\div8=9

**Step 2:** Multiply by 5

9\times5=45

72km = 45 miles