**Question: **Shapes A and B are similar. Work out the area of shape A.

**Answer:** Firstly, we will determine the scale factor that relates the side-lengths by dividing the side-length of the bigger shape by that of the smaller shape: SF=28\div7=4.

Now, if the scale factor for the side-lengths is 4, then that means that the scale factor for the areas is: SF_A=4^2=16.

Therefore, to find the area of the smaller shape, we need to divide the area of the bigger shape by the area scale factor: 16. Doing so, we get

\text{Area of A }=320\div16=20\text{ cm}^2.